Tag Archives: 100G QSFP28

How to Choose the Right 100G QSFP28 Optical Transceiver?

As an advanced manufacturing technology, QSFP28 optical transceivers have been highly favored by a large number of Ethernet users. We use large scale deployment and application of 100G optical transceivers in data center, Local Area Network(LAN), Wide Area Network(WAN), Ethernet switches and so on. Based on the unique low cost optical design package, we fully enjoy the great value crated by the new generation of 100G QSFP28 technology. There are many products with QSFP28 form factor like SR4, LR4, ER4, CWDM4, PSM4…

Facing so many different QSFP28 transceivers, we may be at a loss to choose an appropriate one for ourselves. At some extend, it really depends on our real demand. Due to limited space, we would mainly guide you how to choose a right one for your application from the perspective of transmission distance. Hope this article would help.

Transmission Distance

Different applications have given requirements for transmission distance, and the specific conditions and feasible measures will be fully covered in the following text.

Transmission Distance Is 100 m or Under 100 m

QSFP28 SR4 is highly recommended. The QSFP28 SR4 supports links of 70 m (OM3) and 100m (OM4) over multimode fiber with MPO connectors. It offers 4 independent transmit and receive channels, each capable of 25Gbps operation for an aggregated data rate of 100 Gbps. The QSFP28 SR4 modules are ideal for rack to rack connections in the data center and short reach telecom applications.

Transmission Distance Is Over 100 m But Under 10 km

QSFP28 LR4 is preferred. The QSFP28 LR4 is a fully integrated 4 × 25Gbit/s optical transceiver module, which supports distance up to 10 km. For long span 100GbE deployment, such a connectivity between two buildings, QSFP28 LR4 with duplex LC single-mode fiber cable is the perfect option.

100g-module

Transmission Distance Exceeds 10 km

QSFP28 ER4 is ideal for very long transmission distance. The QSFP28 ER4 optical transceiver provides superior performance for 100G Ethernet applications up to 30 km links. The 100G QSFP28 ER4 module converts 4 input channels of 25Gb/s electrical data to 4 channels of LAN WDM optical signals and then multiplexes them into a single channel for 100Gb/s optical transmission.

Note: When an optic says “10 km”, this is only a guideline. Actual distances can be significantly better or worse. It depends on your actual usages at large extend, including regular cleaning and maintenance.

How to Choose Based on the Same Transmission Distance?

We discussed the optimal options according different transmission distances, but it seems that it is hard to make a decision when the transmission distance is identical. QSFP28 CWDM4 and QSFP28 PSM4 are designed to meet the requirement for intermediate or mid-reaches for datacenter applications (500 m to 2 km). They both use WDM and parallel single mode fiber technologies and support transmission distance up to 2 km.

QSFP28 CWDM4

The CWDM4 provides a 100G Ethernet high-speed link with a maximum transmission distance of 2 km, which interfaces with LC duplex connectors. The CWDM4 module uses Mux/Demux technologies with 4 lanes of 25Gbps optically multiplexed onto and demultiplexed from duplex single-mode fiber.

100GBase-PSM4-and-100GBase-CWDM4

QSFP28 PSM4

PSM4 does not need a MUX/DEMUX for each laser but it does need either a directly modulated DFB laser (DML) or an external modulator for each fiber. With an MTP interface, PSM4 modules can bus 100Gb/s point-to-point over 2 km or can be broken out into dual 50Gb/s or quad 25Gb/s links for linking to servers, storage and other subsystems.

How to Choose?

From the aspect of an inner transceiver module structure, PSM4 can be more cost effective because of its lower component costs. However, from an infrastructure viewpoint, PSM4 would be more expensive when the link distance is long, mainly because PSM4 uses 8 optical single-mode fibers while CWDMs uses only 2 optical single-mode fibers.

Where Can Buy QSFP28 Transceivers at Low Cost ?

You may dizzy about the mess online shopping websites about fiber optic, and it is hard to find one online store that provides fiber optic products with high quality but low cost. Under this condition, you can try FS.COM which is an online shopping store about fiber optic communication. Our products has been deployed in data center and cloud computing applications all over the world.

For the mentioned 100G QSFP28 SR4, we have a big slump on it recently. Buying it now only needs $269, which is tripled on other online shopping stores. Here, we made a comparison between FS.COM and Amazon.com on Cisco QSFP-100G-SR4-S price. You can see it clearly by clicking the following link. Besides, all of our optical transceivers all 100% tested and fully compatible to many major brands such as Cisco, Juniper, Arista…

100G QSFP28 SR4

Cisco QSFP-100G-SR4-S at FS.COM: http://www.fs.com/products/48354.html

Cisco QSFP-100G-SR4-S at Amazon.com: https://www.amazon.com/Third-Party-100GBASE-SR4-QSFP28-Cisco/dp/B01H0T2CIG/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1498731653&sr=8-1&keywords=Cisco+100G+QSFP28+SR4

Conclusion

According to the above provided information and suggestion, you can choose the right QSFP28 transceiver for your application. FS.COM provides 100G QSFP28 modules for short reach, long reach and intermediate applications. For more details, please visit www.FS.COM.

 

How to Install a QSFP28 Transceiver

In recent years, QSFP28 transceivers have been highly favored by many Ethernet users. The modules are hot-swappable input/output (I/O) device that connect the system’s module port electrical circuity with either a copper or a fiber-optic network. Transceiver installation attaches great importance to the whole Ethernet connectivity. This article provides the installation tips of 100 Gigabit QSFP28 optical transceivers.

Information About QSFP28 Transceiver

100 Gigabit (QSFP28) transceiver module is a hot-swappable, parallel fiber-optical module. The interconnect offers four channels of high-speed differential signals with data rates ranging from 25 Gbps up to potentially 40 Gbps, and will meet 100 Gbps Ethernet (4×25 Gbps) and 100 Gbps 4X InfiniBand Enhanced Data Rate (EDR) requirements. These channels can terminate in another 40G QSFP+ transceiver. The QSFP+ transceiver connects the electrical circuity of the system with an optical external network.

The following figure shows the 100G QSFP28 SR4 transceiver. The transceiver is used primarily in short reach applications in switches, routers and data center equipment where it provides higher density than SFP+ modules.

QSFP28 SR4

Figure1: 100G QSFP28 SR4 transceiver

Required Tools and Equipment

To install the 100G QSFP28 transceiver, you need the following tools :

    • Wrist strap or other personal grounding device to prevent ESD occurrences.
    • Antistatic mat or Antistatic foam to set the transceiver on.
    • Fiber-optic end-face cleaning tools and inspection equipment.
Installing 100G QSFP28 Transceiver

The QSFP28 transceiver can have either a bail-clasp latch or a pull-tab latch. Installation procedures for both types of latches are provided.

Caution: The QSFP28 transceiver is a static-sensitive device. Always use an ESD wrist strap or similar individual grounding device when handling QSFP28 transceivers or coming into contact with system modules.

Installation Steps:

Step1: Attach an ESD wrist strap to yourself and a properly grounded point on the chassis or the rack.

Step2: Remove the QSFP28 transceiver from its protective packaging.

Step3: Check the label on the QSFP28 transceiver body to verify that you have the correct model for your network.

Step 4: For QSFP28 transceiver, remove the optical bore dust plug and set it aside.

Step 5: For QSFP28 transceiver equipped with a pull-tab, hold the transceiver so that the identifier label is on the top.

Step 6: For QSFP28 transceiver equipped with a bail-clasp latch, keep the bail-clasp aligned in a vertical position.

Step 7: Align the QSFP28 transceiver in front of the transceiver’s socket opening and carefully slide the QSFP28 transceiver into the socket until the transceiver makes contact with the socket electrical connector (see the figure below).

Installing QSFP28 Transceiver Module

Figure2: Installing QSFP28 Transceiver Module (Optical Transceiver Equipped with a Bail-Clasp Latch Shown)

Step8: Press firmly on the front of the QSFP28 transceiver with your thumb to fully seat the transceiver in the module’s transceiver socket (see the below figure).

Caution: If the latch is not fully engaged, you might accidentally disconnect the QSFP28 transceiver.

Seating the 100G QSFP28 transceiver module

Figure3: Seating the 100G QSFP28 transceiver module (Optical Transceiver Equipped with a Bail-Clasp Latch Shown)

Step9: For optical QSFP28 transceiver, reinstall the dust plug into the QSFP28 transceivers optical bore until you are ready to attach the network interface cable. Do not remove the dust plug until you are ready to attach the network interface cable.

Conclusion

Through this passage, we are clear the basic installation procedures of 100G QSFP28 transceivers and please keep the cautions and tips in mind in case of accident. If you need any of 100G QSFP28 transceiver, FS.COM is a good choice. Here, we provide large and in-stock 100G QSFP28 transceivers with low cost but high quality. Besides, our products can be shipped free right now to USA, Canada and Mexico. If you are interested with our products, please feel free to contact us.